In today’s society, relationships come and go, and people seem to always be on the move. Unfortunately, this causes problems when a child has been born, and one has lost touch with the other alleged parent. In the past proving paternity or maternity of a child’s biological parents was a difficult task and very time consuming. Now it is a simple process requiring little time for the testing.
Of course, the process is even easier when the adult in question as the parent is readily available. Many times as mentioned this is not the case. In those instances, for example, if the man is not available due to death or not knowing his whereabouts, the paternal grandparents can be tested to determine if their son is the father of the child. This is because the grandparents, and their son have the same DNA. So by testing the paternal grandparents and the mother, paternity is established. In rare cases where the mother may have died and left a man wondering if the surviving child is his, he is still able to test along with the paternal grandparents. If all have the same DNA patterns, his paternal relationship with the child can be established even if the mother is not available. However, a child inherits half of his DNA from each parent so testing and comparing the child’s DNA to each parent returns more accurate results of DNA sequencing, therefore testing the mother when possible is preferred. Not testing the mother may delay the results of the test and make the findings less conclusive.
The testing process is easy and pain free. DNA from skin cells inside the person’s mouth are gathered by use of a large swab similar to an ear swab, except that it is bigger. There is no need to draw blood as scientific research has proven that the DNA is the same no matter how it is collected. The adult being tested should refrain from drinking prior to the test. If they are a smoker, they should brush their teeth rinse their mouth before testing. Age is not a factor in testing a child or collecting the DNA. Children from newborn age and up can be tested safely and effectively.
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